Pigmentation is the presence of excess melanin on skin causing an uneven skin tone which is the result of a genetic mix-up of both the individual’s biological parents’ genes. Skin pigmentation marks are characterized by the built up melanocytes, which are cells containing melanin. These typically occur under the skin and are referred to as age spots on face, hands and body area, and freckles. The most common misconception associated with discolored skin is that it will fade by itself, without undergoing any treatment whatsoever. Some pigments types, like the ones caused by acne, may lighten up over time. But, the majority of discolored skin need to be treated with in-office and high-powered active treatments to fully remove the skin spots on the surface.
Anti-pigmentation treatments are available ranging from traditional home remedies to special 3 – D Anti Pigmentation Therapy at SKIN SCIENTIFIC CENTER.
What Causes Acne?
If you are thinking that not taking proper care of your face gave you that ugly acne, dump that thought. Because your hormones influence the occurrence of acne. They make your skin produce more oil. And when a layer of dead skin cells accumulates on the pores, you get acne.
For a few people, acne diminishes with age, and for some, it gets severe, and this is due to the function of your immune system and other genetic factors
Causes of Acne Scars
Acne can be classified into two subtypes – Non-Inflammatory and Inflammatory.
Whiteheads and blackheads usually fall under the noninflammatory subtype, while papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts are the inflammatory types of acne.
Among these types, it is inflammatory acne that tends to leave behind scars and marks.
Inflamed acne blemishes occur when your pores become engorged as a result of excess oil, dead cells, and bacteria clogging them. This leads to the swelling of the pores, which causes the follicle walls to expand and break.
If this rupture occurs close to the surface of your skin, the resulting acne lesion is usually minor and heals quickly. However, if the break on the follicle is deep, the lesion will be more severe, and the infected material may leak out into the dermis, destroying healthy skin tissues.
Types of Acne Scars
The most common types of acne scars are:
• Ice-Pick Scars: Narrow, deep, and pitted scars
• Rolling Scars: Broad, depressed scars with slanting edges
• Boxcar Scars: Broad scars with sharp edges
• Atrophic Scars: Flat, thin, and depressed scars
• Hypertrophic Scars: Lumpy and thick scars
Regardless of the type of acne scars, “Aakar Skin Scientific” can help you in getting rid of your scars effectively.
Treatment for Dark Circles under Your Eyes is available at ICLS: SKIN SCIENTIFIC in Mumbai
There are a number of contributing factors for dark circles. Some common causes of include:
Oversleeping, extreme fatigue, or just staying up a few hours past your normal bedtime can cause dark circles to form under your eyes. Sleep deprivation can cause your skin to become dull and pale, allowing for dark tissues and blood vessels beneath your skin to show.
Lack of sleep can also cause fluid to build underneath your eyes, causing them to appear puffy. As a result, the dark circles you see may actually be shadows cast by your puffy eyelids.
Natural aging is another common cause of those dark circles beneath your eyes. As you get older, your skin becomes thinner. You also lose the fat and collagen needed to maintain your skin’s elasticity. As this occurs, the dark blood vessels beneath your skin become more visible causing the area below your eyes to darken.
Staring at your television or computer screen can cause significant strain on your eyes. This strain can cause blood vessels around your eyes to enlarge. As a result, the skin surrounding your eyes can darken.
Allergic reactions and eye dryness can trigger dark circles. When you have an allergic reaction, your body releases histamines as a response to harmful bacteria. Other than causing uncomfortable symptoms — including itchiness, redness, and puffy eyes — histamines also cause your blood vessels to dilate and become more visible beneath your skin.
Allergies can also increase your urge to rub and scratch the itchy skin around your eyes. These actions can worsen your symptoms, causing inflammation, swelling, and broken blood vessels. This can result in dark shadows beneath your eyes.
Dehydration is a common cause of dark circles under your eyes. When your body is not receiving the proper amount of water, the skin beneath your eyes begins to look dull and your eyes look sunken. This is due to their close proximity to the underlying bone.
Overexposure to the sun can cause your body to produce an excess of melanin, the pigment that provides your skin with color. Too much sun — particularly for your eyes — can cause pigmentation in the surrounding skin to darken.
Family history also plays a part in developing dark circles under your eyes. It can be an inherited trait seen early in childhood, and may worsen as you age or slowly disappear. Predispositions to other medical conditions — such as thyroid disease — can also result in dark circles beneath your eyes.
Sun exposure causes the skin under your eyes to darken easily as it is thin, delicate, and prone to damage.
It also increases melanin production in your body, and this can enhance the appearance of dark circles.
Dark Circles can be treated by various latest methods which are quite safe and effective.