How is PCOS diagnosed?


There is no single test to diagnose PCOS. To help diagnose PCOS and rule out other causes of your symptoms, your

doctor may talk to you about your medical history and do a physical exam and different tests:

Physical exam.
Doctor will also look at your skin for extra hair on your face, chest

or back, acne, or skin discoloration. Your doctor may look for any hair loss or signs of other health conditions

(such as an enlarged thyroid gland).

Pelvic exam.
Your doctor may do a pelvic exam for signs of extra male hormones (for example, an enlarged clitoris)

and check to see if your ovaries are enlarged or swollen.

Pelvic ultrasound (sonogram). This test uses sound waves to examine your ovaries for cysts and check the

endometrium (lining of the uterus or womb).

Blood tests.
Blood tests check your androgen hormone

levels, sometimes called “male hormones.” Your doctor will also check for other hormones related to other common

health problems that can be mistaken for PCOS, such as thyroid disease. Your doctor may also test your

cholesterol levels and test you for diabetes.

Once other conditions are ruled out, you may be diagnosed with PCOS if you have at least two of the following

symptoms:

Irregular periods, including periods that come too often, not often enough, or not at all

Signs that you have high levels of androgens:
Extra hair growth on your face, chin, and body (hirsutism)
Acne
Thinning of scalp hair
Higher than normal blood levels of androgens
Multiple cysts on one or both ovaries

How is PCOS treated?
There is no cure for PCOS, but you can manage the symptoms of PCOS. You and your doctor will work on a treatment plan

based on your symptoms, your plans for having children, and your risk of long-term health problems such as

diabetes and heart disease. Many women will need a combination of treatments, including:

Steps you can take at home to help relieve your symptoms

What steps can I take at home to improve my PCOS symptoms?
You can take steps at home to help your PCOS symptoms, including:

Losing weight. Healthy eating habits and regular physical activity can help relieve PCOS-related symptoms. Losing

weight may help to lower your blood glucose levels, improve the way your body uses insulin, and help your

hormones reach normal levels. Even a 10% loss in body weight (for example, a 150-pound woman losing 15 pounds)

can help make your menstrual cycle more regular and improve your chances of getting pregnant.3 Learn more

about healthy weight.

Removing hair.

You can try laser hair removal, or electrolysis to remove excess hair.

PCOD problems in females

What are the symptoms of PCOS?
Some of the symptoms of PCOS include:

Irregular menstrual cycle. Women with PCOS may miss periods or have fewer periods (fewer than eight in a

year). Or, their periods may come every 21 days or more often. Some women with PCOS stop having menstrual periods.

EXCESS HAIR GROWTH ON FACE AND BODY
Too much hair on the face, chin, or parts of the body where men usually have hair. This is called “hirsutism.”

Hirsutism affects up to 70% of women with PCOS.

FACE ACNE, OILY SKIN, BLACK PATCHES
Acne on the face, chest, and upper back
Thinning hair or hair loss on the scalp; male-pattern baldness Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
Darkening of skin, particularly along neck creases, in the groin, and underneath breasts
Skin tags, which are small excess flaps of skin in the armpits or neck area

PCOD treatment in Mumbai

PCOD is one of very common problem faced by females.

PCOD means Polycystic ovary syndrome or disease (PCOD)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a health problem that affects 1 in 10 women of childbearing age. Women with PCOS

have a hormonal imbalance and metabolism problems that may affect their overall health and appearance. PCOS is also a

common and treatable cause of infertility.

What is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), also known as polycystic ovarian syndrome, is a common health problem caused by an

imbalance of reproductive hormones. The hormonal imbalance creates problems in the ovaries. The ovaries make the egg

that is released each month as part of a healthy menstrual cycle. With PCOS, the egg may not develop as it should or

it may not be released during ovulation as it should be.

PCOS can cause missed or irregular menstrual periods.

Irregular periods can lead to:

Infertility (inability to get pregnant). In fact, PCOS is one of the most common causes of infertility in women.
Development of cysts (small fluid-filled sacs) in the ovaries

Who gets PCOS?
Between 5% and 10% of women between 15 and 44, or during the years you can have children, have PCOS.1 Most women

find out they have PCOS in their 20s and 30s, when they have problems getting pregnant and see their doctor. But

PCOS can happen at any age after puberty.

Women of all races and ethnicities are at risk of PCOS.

Your risk of PCOS may be higher if you have obesity or if you have a mother, sister, or aunt with PCOS.

What are the symptoms of PCOS?
Some of the symptoms of PCOS include:

Irregular menstrual cycle. Women with PCOS may miss periods or have fewer periods (fewer than eight in a

year). Or, their periods may come every 21 days or more often. Some women with PCOS stop having menstrual periods.
Too much hair on the face, chin, or parts of the body where men usually have hair. This is called “hirsutism.”

Hirsutism affects up to 70% of women with PCOS.

Acne on the face, chest, and upper back
Thinning hair or hair loss on the scalp; male-pattern baldness Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
Darkening of skin, particularly along neck creases, in the groin, and underneath breasts
Skin tags, which are small excess flaps of skin in the armpits or neck area

What causes PCOS?
The exact cause of PCOS is not known. Most experts think that several factors, including genetics, play a role:

High levels of androgens. Androgens are sometimes called “male hormones,” although all women make small amounts of

androgens. Androgens control the development of male traits, such as male-pattern baldness. Women with PCOS

have more androgens than normal. Higher than normal androgen levels in women can prevent the ovaries from

releasing an egg (ovulation) during each menstrual cycle, and can cause extra hair growth and acne, two signs of

PCOS. High levels of insulin. Insulin is a hormone that controls

how the food you eat is changed into energy. Insulin resistance is when the body’s cells do not respond

normally to insulin. As a result, your insulin blood levels become higher than normal. Many women with PCOS

have insulin resistance, especially those who have overweight or obesity, have unhealthy eating habits, do

not get enough physical activity, and have a family history of diabetes (usually type 2 diabetes). Over time,

insulin resistance can lead to type 2 diabetes.

PCOD can be diagnosed, treated and managed at AAKAR CENTER, Borivali WEST, Mumbai, INDIA.